Sunday, October 20, 2019

Exercising before Eating Breakfast Improves How the Body Responds to Insulin and Lowers People’s Risk of Type 2 Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease.

Exercising before eating breakfast improves how the body responds to insulin and lowers people’s risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

According to a new study, published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism health scientists at the universities of Bath and Birmingham found that by changing the timing of when you eat and exercise, people can better control their blood sugar levels.

The six-week study, which involved thirty men classified as obese or overweight and compared results from two intervention groups (who ate breakfast before / after exercise) and a control group (who made no lifestyle changes), found that people who performed exercise before breakfast burned double the amount of fat than the group who exercised after breakfast.

Credit: Tarquin Binary / Wikimedia Commons

They found that increased fat use is mainly due to lower insulin levels during exercise when people have fasted overnight, which means that they can use more of the fat from their fat tissue and the fat within their muscles as a fuel. To test proof-of-principle the initial study involved only men, but future studies will look to translate these findings for different groups including women.

Whilst this did not lead to any differences for weight loss over six weeks, it did have ‘profound and positive’ effects on their health because their bodies were better able to respond to insulin, keeping blood sugar levels under control and potentially lowering the risk of diabetes and heart disease.

Building on emerging evidence that the timing of meals in relation to exercise can shift how effective exercise is, the team behind this study wanted to focus on the impact on the fat stores in muscles for individuals who either worked out before or after eating and the effect this had on insulin response to feeding.

Dr Javier Gonzalez of the Department for Health at the University of Bath explained: “Our results suggest that changing the timing of when you eat in relation to when you exercise can bring about profound and positive changes to your overall health.

“We found that the men in the study who exercised before breakfast burned double the amount of fat than the group who exercised after. Importantly, whilst this didn’t have any effect on weight loss, it did dramatically improve their overall health.

“The group who exercised before breakfast increased their ability to respond to insulin, which is all the more remarkable given that both exercise groups lost a similar amount of weight and both gained a similar amount of fitness. The only difference was the timing of the food intake.”

Over the six-week trial, the scientists found that the muscles from the group who exercised before breakfast were more responsive to insulin compared to the group who exercised after breakfast, in spite of identical training sessions and matched food intake. The muscles from those who exercised before breakfast also showed greater increases in key proteins, specifically those involved in transporting glucose from the bloodstream to the muscles.

For the insulin response to feeding after the 6-week study, remarkably, the group who exercised after breakfast were in fact no better than the control group.

The study was led by Dr Rob Edinburgh as part of his PhD.

Co-author, Dr Gareth Wallis of the University of Birmingham added: “This work suggests that performing exercise in the overnight-fasted state can increase the health benefits of exercise for individuals, without changing the intensity, duration or perception of their effort. We now need to explore the longer-term effects of this type of exercise and whether women benefit in the same way as men.”

The work was funded by The Physiological Society, The Rank Prize Funds, and The Allen Foundation. It is published today (Friday 18 October 2019) in The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism ; doi.org/10.1210/clinem/dgz104.


Contacts and sources:
Andy DunneUniversity of Bath

Citation: Lipid metabolism links nutrient-exercise timing to insulin sensitivity in men classified as overweight or obese. R M Edinburgh, H E Bradley, N-F Abdullah, S L Robinson, O J Chrzanowski-Smith, J -P Walhin, S Joanisse, K N Manolopoulos, A Philp, A Hengist, A Chabowski, F M Brodsky, F Koumanov, J A Betts, D Thompson, G A Wallis, J T Gonzalez. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 2019; DOI: 10.1210/clinem/dgz104






4 comments:

  1. Very Nice Blog i hope you will also check my beautiful Tally Books, Custom Journals, Prayer Journals, Legal Pads which you can buy online from the best graduation products suppliers of the USA.

    ReplyDelete
  2. Great job for publishing such a nice article. Your article isn’t only useful but it is additionally really informative. Thank you because you have been willing to share information with us. Speciality Exam SCE Endocrinology Course

    ReplyDelete
  3. This blog is clean and to the point. Thank you so much for creating awareness and for creating such a wonderful blog. I mean it. Also, check my website of best graduation products like AwardCovers, Custom Graduation Cords, Diploma Folder, Certificate Holders, Paper Certificate Holders, Padded Certificate Holders, Padded Diploma Covers, Leather Diploma Cover, Custom Certificate Holder

    ReplyDelete
  4. My Name is Dr sebi you can Contact Me via Email drsebicurecenter@gmail.com For Penis Enlargement Product to help you get as long as 8inches Long with good Erection. Contact Me Via Email : drsebicurecenter@gmail.com   Via WhatsApp +2347010538590

    ReplyDelete