Friday, February 17, 2017

New Minor Planet in Our Solar System Named Bernardbowen

A minor planet in the Solar System will officially be known as Bernardbowen from today after Australian citizen science project theSkyNet won a competition to name the celestial body.

An image created by the International Astronomical Union showing the orbit of Minor Planet Bernardbowen.

Credit: IAU

The minor planet was named by the International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research (ICRAR) in honour of their founding chairman Dr Bernard Bowen.

Bernardbowen sits in the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter and takes 3.26 Earth years to orbit the Sun. The minor planet was discovered on October 28, 1991, and until now has been known as (6196) 1991 UO4.

Based at ICRAR, theSkyNet has been running since 2011 and sees citizen scientists donating their spare computing power to help Australian astronomers uncover the mysteries of the Universe.

Its 50,000-odd volunteers entered an International Astronomical Union (IAU) contest to name planets beyond our Solar System.

This is an image taken from the Minor Planet Centre's web applet showing the orbit of Minor Planet Bernardbowen.

Project founders ICRAR also won the right to name a minor planet within our Solar System.

Bernardbowen was one of 17 minor planets to be christened today. Other newly named minor planets include Kagura, after a traditional Shinto theatrical dance, and Mehdia, which is equivalent to the Arabic word for gift.

Dr Bowen is renowned as one of the country’s finest science administrators and has presided over scientific advances ranging from the oceans to the skies. He was instrumental in the establishment of ICRAR in 2009, and helped bring part of the Square Kilometre Array telescope to Western Australia.

A full list of the citation of the minor planets can be found at the IAU Minor Planet Circular.

Bernardbowen on the Minor Planet Centre site, including an interactive showing its position in the Solar System.

In 2015, the IAU organised the NameExoWorlds contest, which provided the first opportunity for the public to submit names for exoplanets and their stars. As a result, the names of 19 ExoWorlds (14 stars and 31 exoplanets orbiting them) were chosen by public vote, and accepted by the IAU. These names became the official designations of the exoplanets and stars.
As a reward to the winners, they were given the exciting opportunity to name minor planets in our Solar System. The IAU, via its Division F Working Group Small Bodies Nomenclature (SBN), recently approved the new names of 17 minor planets after the winners made their proposals
A minor planet is an astronomical object in direct orbit around the Sun that is neither a planet nor exclusively classified as a comet. Minor planets can be dwarf planets, asteroids, trojans, centaurs, Kuiper belt objects, and other trans-Neptunian objects.
The 17 names are named after astronomers, educators, authors, poets, and theatrical dances, as well as the names and locations of astronomical organisations. The complete set of 17 newly minted Minor Planets are:
Minor Planet DesignationMinor Planet NameProposer
(6117) 1985 CZ1BrevardastroBrevard Astronomical Society, United States of America
(6118) 1986 QX3MayuboshiTokushima Prefectural Jonan High School Science Club, Japan
(6125) 1989 CNSingtoThe Thai Astronomical Society, Thailand
(6126) 1989 EW1HubelmattAstronomische Gesellschaft Luzern, Switzerland
(6133) 1990 RC3RoyaldutchastroRoyal Netherlands Association for Meteorology and Astronomy, Netherlands
(6134) 1990 RA5KamagariKamagari Astronomical Observatory, Japan
(6138) 1991 JH1MiguelhernándezHypatia (Student society, Physics Faculty of the Universidad Complutense de Madrid), Spain
(6142) 1993 EPTantawiSyrian Astronomical Association, Syrian Arab Republic
(6159) 1991 YHAndréseloySociedad Astronomica Urania, Mexico
(6177) 1986 CE2FécampClub d’Astronomie de Toussaint, France
(6187) 1988 RD5KaguraOkayama Astro Club, Japan
(6192) 1990 KB1JaviergorosabelPlanetario de Pamplona, Spain
(6196) 1991 UO4BernardbowenTheSkyNet, Australia
(6212) 1993 MS1FranzthalerPlanetarium Südtirol Alto Adige, Italy
(6215) 1973 EKMehdiaVega Astronomy Club, Morocco
(6217) 1975 XHKodaiLibertyer (Student club at Hosei University), Japan
(11780) 1942 TBThunder BayRoyal Astronomical Society of Canada Thunder Bay Centre, Canada

Contacts and sources: 
Pete Wheeler ICRAR (Perth, UTC+8)
Sze-leung Cheung IAU International Outreach Coordinator

No comments:

Post a Comment