Tuesday, June 23, 2015

Legacy of Slavery Still Impacts Education in the South

Slavery was abolished more than 150 years ago, but its effects are still felt today in K-12 education in the south, according to a new Rice University study, 'How the Legacy of Slavery and Racial Composition Shape Public School Enrollment in the American south.'

 Picture of slavery in the United States of America.
Credit; by George Bourne, 1780-1845 - New York Public Library

'Our results suggest that the legacy of slavery contributes to black-white education disparities through greater public-private school racial segregation,' said Heather O'Connell, co-author and postdoctoral fellow at Rice's Kinder Institute for Urban Research.

Heather O'Connell is a postdoctoral fellow at Rice University's Kinder Institute for Urban Research.
Credit: Courtesy of Jeff Fitlow/Rice University

Using regression analysis to explain differences in the degree of attendance disparities across most counties in the south, researchers found a correlation between historical geographic slave concentration and modern day K-12 school segregation. An increase in slave concentration is related to greater underrepresentation of white students in public schools.

Overall, the proportion of black students in a county who are enrolled in public schools is an average of 17 percent higher than white students. But that gap in public school attendance is even larger where slaves were more heavily concentrated, increasing by just over 1 percentage point with every 10 percentage-point increase in slave concentration.

Soon after slavery was abolished, the former slaves quickly organized schools, according to the study. However, white resistance was substantial. Several other separation tactics were employed along the way, but the construction of private schools was the most recent action taken to maintain a segregated school system.

'As blacks began to enter the local white public schools, private schools cropped up seemingly overnight,' the researchers said.

Private schools are important for explaining contemporary school segregation. The study found that having more private schools in a county is related to a greater underrepresentation of white students in public schools. But this relationship doesn't explain why slavery still matters for public-private school segregation.

Escaped slaves, ca. 1862
Credit:  Mathew B. Brady - Beinecke Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Yale University

The researchers found the same is true when considering another important county characteristic -- the relative size of the black population. Generally speaking, a larger concentration of black students is related to increased separation of white students. The findings of this study support this 'white flight' argument, but add another dimension.

'Whites are increasingly not enrolled in public schools in counties with higher black concentrations and are instead increasingly enrolled in private schools,' the researchers said. But O'Connell said that the role of black population concentration plays out primarily in states where slavery was most strongly rooted.

The study found that the black population concentration relationship only holds in the original Confederate States, or deep south: Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, south Carolina and Texas.

Even with this added dimension, the researchers were unable to identify tangible county characteristics that explain why slave concentration from 1860 is related to contemporary school enrollment patterns. The relationship is complex, but the authors urge greater attention to how slavery relates to contemporary racial disparities.

'Understanding the role of our slavery history provides insight into the structural foundations supporting this segregation, which might be valuable to efforts to reverse dangerous trends in school resegregation that have been increasing across the south over the last few decades,' O'Connell said.

Contacts and sources:
David RuthRice University 


  1. "We receive three educations, one from our parents, one from our schoolmasters, and one from the world. The third contradicts all that the first two teach us". I completely agree with it. I never liked racists and racism as a whole. We are all the same people and have the full right to a good education. Especially by using https://thrivingwriter.com/ homework will be much easier in case you do not understand something or you need help with something.

    1. IEEE Final Year Project centers make amazing deep learning final year projects ideas for final year students Final Year Projects for CSE to training and develop their deep learning experience and talents.

      IEEE Final Year projects Project Centers in India are consistently sought after. Final Year Students Projects take a shot at them to improve their aptitudes, while specialists like the enjoyment in interfering with innovation.

      corporate training in chennai corporate training in chennai

      corporate training companies in india corporate training companies in india

      corporate training companies in chennai corporate training companies in chennai

      I have read your blog its very attractive and impressive. I like it your blog. Digital Marketing Company in Chennai

  2. One of the key objectives of education is empowerment. If the educational system is restructured to achieve this purpose, graduates will become assets, but not liabilities, no matter the circumstances. Summer camps for kids

  3. I trust social equity, morals, educational value, and societal change for constructive outcomes are principal to crafted by advanced education.customwritingservice

  4. At the end of the day, most understudies invest a long time in school learning things that won't be valuable to them when school days are finished.Best Assignment Help

  5. Various packs were intended to show various things for instance rationale, Greek Mythology, Religion, Geography and even the specialty of cutting of meat and fish. free tarot

  6. Nice Presentation and its hopefull words..
    if you want a cheap web hosting in web
    cheap web hosting company chennai

  7. thanks for ur valuable information,keep going touch with us

    Scaffolding dealers in chennai

  8. Great blog thanks for sharing Looking for the best creative agency to fuel new brand ideas? Adhuntt Media is not just a digital marketing company in chennai. We specialize in revamping your brand identity to drive in best traffic that converts.

  9. Nice blog thanks for sharing Choosing the right place to buy your first plant isn’t that hard of a choice anymore. Presenting the best plant nursery in Chennai - Karuna Nursery Gardens is proud to showcase more than 3000+ plants ready to be chosen from.

  10. Excellent blog thanks for sharing Run your salon business successfully by tying up with the best beauty shop in Chennai - The Pixies Beauty Shop. With tons of prestigious brands to choose from, and amazing offers we’ll have you amazed.

  11. Very useful blog thanks for sharing Ancient Chinese have perfected the art of acupuncture and we at Yaa Healthcare through rigorous research and dedication have been following the same tradition throughout the years. Looking for the best place to get an acupuncture treatment in Chennai. Look no further – Yaa Healthcare is what you need.

  12. Awesome blog thanks for sharing While choosing your perfect ride for driving, Accord Cars comes with and the best packages for you to pick from. Car rentals for self drive in Chennai are done the easier. Just pick out your plan from hourly, daily, weekly and even monthly plans available.

  13. There are many various reasons why you may wish to at long last get your recognition. GED Online

  14. professional bridal makeup artist in chennai Style Specializes in beauty bridal makeup and makes assured that individual bride should look like a princess.

    best bridal makeup artist in chennai

  15. Thank you for your awesome service to the child. During early and middle childhood, the brain forms and refines a complex network of connections in the brain through synaptogenesis, pruning, and myelination. The process of forming connections is biologically driven, but experiences also promote synapse formation.
    concentration exercise for student
    child concentration exercise in chennai
    maths tuition in chennai
    right brain training in chennai
    kids brain training in chennai
    memory improvement technique in chennai
    brain development training in chennai


  16. These are really amazing and valuable websites you have shared with us. Thanks for the informative post. Keep posting like this information.
    Play School in Velachery
    Best Play School in Velachery
    PreSchool in Velachery
    Daycare in Velachery
    Montessori Schools in Velachery

  17. Fourceup Security is a best security service in chennai based upon Factories ,Offices ,Banks & their ATM ,Hotels ,Hospitals ,Schools ,Residential Apartments ,Construction Sites(Conditions Apply) ,Functions ,Tracking Crime systems.

    best security service in chennai
    security agency in chennai

  18. Its a right place to spend a lots of your valuable times with chat items. "yaa karachi is here for you..

    best cafe in chennai

  19. professional bridal makeup artist in chennai Style Specializes in beauty bridal makeup and makes assured that individual bride should look like a princess.

    best bridal makeup artist in chennai

  20. Grow sale india classified ads website Buy&sell find just about anything

    post free classified ads in india

  21. I have perused your blog its appealing, I like it your blog and keep update.
    php development company,
    php development india,
    php application development,
    php website development,
    php web development,
    php framework,
    Thanks for sharing useful information article to us keep sharing this info

  22. I blog quite often and I seriously thank you for your content. This great article has truly peaked my interest. I am going to take a note of your site and keep checking for new information about once per week. I opted in for your Feed as well
    writing homework

  23. Awesome blog thankks for sharing 100% virgin Remy Hair Extension in USA, importing from India. Premium and original human hair without joints and bondings. Available in Wigs, Frontal, Wavy, Closure, Bundle, Curly, straight and customized color hairstyles Extensions.

  24. Very useful blog thanks for sharing IndPac India the German technology Packaging and sealing machines in India is the leading manufacturer and exporter of Packing Machines in India.

  25. Just finished High School and looking for an alternative path into a high-paying career? Start a FREE Data Analytics course, and in 6 weeks you could find yourself in a 70k salary! http://bit.ly/2vbW0X0

  26. This comment has been removed by the author.

  27. Professional finds job in elementary or pre-schools. Early Childhood Education professionals effectively train young children during critical time in which formative learning, skill building and social growth takes place.What is a cover letter

  28. Really informative article post. Really looking forward to read more. Really Great.cfa level 1 mock exams

  29. Hello I am so delighted I located your blog, I really located you by mistake, while I was watching on google for something else, Anyways I am here now and could just like to say thank for a tremendous post and a all round entertaining website. Please do keep up the great work. vape attic olathe