Thursday, June 28, 2012

1300 Year Old Mayan Monument Refers To End Date Of December 21, 2012, Newly Discovered

Archaeologists working at the site of La Corona in Guatemala have discovered a 1,300-year-old-year Maya text that provides only the second known reference to the so-called “end date” of the Maya calendar, December 21, 2012. The discovery, one of the most significant hieroglyphic finds in decades, was announced today at the National Palace in Guatemala.

Archaeologists in Guatemala discover 1,300-year-old-year Maya text alluding to “end date” of the Maya calendar, December 21, 2012
Credit: Tulane University

“This text talks about ancient political history rather than prophecy,” says Marcello A. Canuto, director of Tulane’s Middle American Research Institute and co-director of the excavations at La Corona.

Since 2008, Canuto and Tomás Barrientos of the Universidad del Valle de Guatemala have directed excavations at La Corona, a site previously ravaged by looters.

Panel for Corona
   
Credit: Tulane University

“Last year, we realized that looters of a particular building had discarded some carved stones because they were too eroded to sell on the antiquities black market,” said Barrientos, “so we knew they found something important, but we also thought they might have missed something.”

What Canuto and Barrientos found was the longest text ever discovered in Guatemala. Carved on staircase steps, it records 200 years of La Corona history, states David Stuart, director of the Mesoamerica Center at The University of Texas at Austin, who was part of a 1997 expedition that first explored the site.

While deciphering these new finds in May, Stuart recognized the 2012 reference on a stairway block bearing 56 delicately carved hieroglyphs. It commemorated a royal visit to La Corona in AD 696 by the most powerful Maya ruler of that time, Yuknoom Yich’aak K’ahk’ of Calakmul, only a few months after his defeat by long-standing rival Tikal in AD 695. Thought by scholars to have been killed in this battle, this ruler was visiting allies and allaying their fears after his defeat.

Corona Seen from Space
Credit: NASA

“This was a time of great political turmoil in the Maya region and this king felt compelled to allude to a larger cycle of time that happens to end in 2012,” says Stuart.

So, rather than prophesy, the 2012 reference places this king’s troubled reign and accomplishments into a larger cosmological framework.

Segment of altar
Credit: Tulane

“In times of crisis, the ancient Maya used their calendar to promote continuity and stability rather than predict apocalypse,” says Canuto.  


The archaeological project known by its Spanish name Proyecto Regional Arqueológico La Corona (PRALC) has been conducting multi-disciplinary archaeological research in the tropical rainforest of northern Guatemala since 2008. The project has focused its excavations on the Classic Maya city of La Corona, once known only as the mysterious "Site Q."

Monument 1, La Cariba
Credit: Tulane University



Contacts and sources:
Kathryn Hobgood Ray
Tulane University

No comments:

Post a Comment