Monday, May 30, 2011

Auckland Is Built On Volcanic Field: New Research Reveals "Forgotten" Ancient Eruptions

New research on Auckland’s volcanic field has uncovered a volcano which had been all but forgotten, and this work will better define what is most likely to happen when the next volcano forms in Auckland. The research is part of the Devora project, a seven-year study to better understand the volcanic history of Auckland and help prepare the city for a future eruption.

By analysing records from boreholes drilled for foundations of buildings and roads or for water supply, scientists have been able to identify a previously little-known volcano now hidden beneath the suburb of Grafton, close to the University Medical School.

Geologist Bruce Hayward of Geomarine Research put together the volcanic puzzle by linking lava flows between boreholes and measuring changes in the thickness of the lava flows and volcanic ash it is possible to identify a buried volcanic crater.

“The crater is about 1km across and filled with solidified lava flows,” Dr Hayward said.

Auckland is built on the Auckland Volcanic Field, a group of about 50 volcanoes that have erupted over the last 250,000 years. Scientists believe that most of the volcanoes erupted only for a few months or years and then became inactive. However, our knowledge of exactly when each volcano erupted, and how future eruptions might progress is incomplete.

Close inspection of the second oldest geological map of the Auckland Volcanic Field, published by early explorer and geologist Ferdinand von Hochstetter in 1864, shows four volcanic vents in the vicinity of the Domain.

Image showing location and size of buried and 'forgotten' volcanic crater in the central Auckland suburb of Grafton.
Image showing location and size of buried and 'forgotten' volcanic crater in the central Auckland suburb of Grafton. Photo: Dr Bruce Hayward, Geomarine Research
Photo: Dr Bruce Hayward, Geomarine Research

“So although this find is exciting, it is clear that Hochstetter recognised the presence of a volcano in this locality before it was covered in houses,” Dr Hayward said.

“It would appear that this Grafton volcano erupted just before the neighbouring Domain Volcano, more than 50,000 years ago.” A thick layer of volcanic ash from the Domain eruptions buried and hid the Grafton Volcano until recent boreholes have shown its full extent and nature.

Over the last few years, geophysicists at The University of Auckland have also been studying the rocks under Auckland using gravity and magnetic measurements. Because lava is very magnetic, airborne surveys of the city have revealed where lava is present underground, even where it is not visible at the surface.

One area of high gravity and magnetism is in the same area that Dr Hayward has identified the new Grafton volcano. Bringing together these different methods has helped to confirm the findings.

Joint Project Leader, Jan Lindsay from The University of Auckland, said the new information shows that we still have a lot to learn about the past volcanic activity in Auckland.

Scientists hope to bring the borehole data from across the city into a central database where it can be used to model where past eruptions have occurred.

The Devora project is led jointly by GNS Science and the University of Auckland in collaboration with Massey University and brings together data and researchers from many different areas of study. The project is funded jointly by the Earthquake Commission, the Auckland Council, the Ministry of Science and Innovation and the University of Auckland. Project Devora, which stands for Determining Volcanic Risk in Auckland, started in late 2008.

Source:
GNS ScienceUniversity of Auckland

5 comments:

  1. This comment has been removed by the author.

    ReplyDelete
  2. My mother is diagnosed with Stage IIB cervical cancer, then i wasted a lot of money for years for treatment,until i saw in the phoenixtear.ca in the internet that cannabis oil can cure all cancer,i tried to look for a way to get the Rick Simpson Oil and finally a friend of mine who he helped via email: ericolivermedicalservice@hotmail.ca told me how to reach him and get the oil,i was able to email him and bought thw oil,my mother started taking it on 12th September and glory be to God she was healed in December after her last scan,i would want to thank Dr.Eric Oliver for the time he spent in getting this oil to save lives his email is ericolivermedicalservice@hotmail.ca,the oil works for all type of cancer and it is worth it.

    ReplyDelete
  3. My mother was diagnosed with Stage IIB cervical cancer, then i wasted a lot of money for years for treatment,until i saw in the phoenixtear.ca in the internet that cannabis oil can cure all cancer,i tried to look for a way to get the Rick Simpson Oil and finally a friend of mine who he helped via email:ericolivermedicalservices@outlook.com told me how to reach him and get the oil,i was able to email him and bought the oil,my mother started taking it on 12th January and glory be to God she was healed in April after her last scan,i would want to thank Dr.Eric Oliver for the time he spent in getting this oil to save lives his email is ericolivermedicalservices@outlook.com,the oil works for all type of cancer and it is worth it.

    ReplyDelete
  4. I am so grateful to Eric Oliver for providing me with Cannabis oil here in United States. I was diagnose with Breast cancer 2 years ago, and ever since then i have done a lot of Chemo and Radiation that have not help me, but only damaged my immune system and render it weak and helpless. I came across the Phoenix Tears and i have read about the Cannabis oil a lot and saw that I could provide me with Hemp Oil here is the State, i contacted him on:ericolivermedicalservices@outlook.com for the procurement of this medication, to my surprise the medication was procured and delivered within 48 hours and i have been on treatment for the past 3 months. Am now here to testify that am no more a cancer patient, I have experience a total transformation in my health sector with Rick Simpson Hemp oil service. for all cancer patient that live in the America and Canada region, get your Hemp oil from ericolivermedicalservices@outlook.com,
    Rosana Ekelund

    ReplyDelete