Tiger milk mushroom (Lignosus rhinocerotis) is a valuable traditional medicinal mushroom in China, East Africa, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Philippines, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Australia, Vanuatu, and Malaysia.
In 2009, University of Malaya researchers and their industrial collaborators have successfully cultivated and identified the DNA sequences that produce the proteins in the tiger milk mushroom.
One issue that researchers face is that the supply of wild type tiger milk mushroom is erratic and with inconsistent nutritive quality that depends on the harvest time of the sclerotium. The sclerotium is the compacted, hardened fungal mycelium containing food reserves.
Clinical tests of TM02 on rats indicate the sclerotial powder of tiger milk mushroom extracted by researchers in University of Malaya is safe for consumption and have anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory properties. Further work is underway to explore the mechanism action of TM02 and its bioactive components.
Active research is on-going as a continuous effort by the Medicinal Mushroom Research Group (MMRG) to validate the superiority of this mushroom for health and well-being. The MMRG also welcomes collaborative efforts.
Contacts and sources:
Associate Prof. Dr. Fung Shin Yee
Medicinal Mushroom Research Group (MMRG)
Department of Molecular Medicine
Faculty of Medicine
University of Malaya